UPSC Essentials: Quotes of the week

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Many statements made headlines this week astir the themes of sedition, Rakhigarhi, monkeypox, and galore more. Consolidate your existent affairs by utilizing them smartly. Essential quotes, statements, remarks, etc. from the week assistance you to clasp the existent issues successful your representation and tin beryllium utilized wisely successful your UPSC- CSE preparation.

1. “All pending trials, appeals and proceedings with respect to the complaint framed nether Section 124A of IPC beryllium kept successful abeyance” ~ Supreme Court of India

Relevance: Preliminary Examination- Current events of nationalist and planetary importance

Mains Examination- GS III- Government policies and interventions for improvement successful assorted sectors and issues arising retired of their plan and implementation.

The Supreme Court has directed that each proceedings connected charges nether Section 124A, the IPC proviso for sedition, beryllium kept successful abeyance until the authorities has completed reexamining it.

Section 124A IPC: Sedition is an discourtesy committed erstwhile “any idiosyncratic by words, either spoken oregon written, oregon by signs, oregon by disposable representation, oregon otherwise, brings oregon attempts to bring into hatred oregon contempt, oregon excites oregon attempts to excite disaffection towards the authorities established by instrumentality successful India”.

Sedition laws were enacted successful 17th period England erstwhile lawmakers believed that lone bully opinions of the authorities should survive, arsenic atrocious opinions were detrimental to the authorities and monarchy.

The instrumentality was primitively drafted successful 1837 by Thomas Macaulay, the British historian-politician, but was inexplicably omitted erstwhile the Indian Penal Code (IPC) was enacted successful 1860.

Section 124A was inserted successful 1870 by an amendment introduced by Sir James Stephen erstwhile it felt the request for a circumstantial conception to woody with the offense. Today sedition is simply a transgression nether Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

Point to ponder: What has been the past and statement astir Sedition Law?

2. “It is important to emphasise that monkeypox does not dispersed easy betwixt radical and the wide hazard to the wide nationalist is precise low.” ~ Dr. Colin Brown of the UK Health Security Agency.

Relevance: Preliminary Examination- General Science (Health and Diseases)

Recently, wellness authorities successful the United Kingdom person confirmed a lawsuit of monkeypox, a uncommon viral corruption akin to smallpox, successful an idiosyncratic who precocious travelled to that state from Nigeria. Monkeypox is simply a viral zoonosis (a microorganism transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms akin to those seen successful the past successful smallpox patients, though it is clinically little severe.With the eradication of smallpox successful 1980 and the consequent cessation of smallpox vaccination, it has emerged arsenic the astir important orthopoxvirus. The genus Orthopoxvirus contains 4 taxon that infect humans: variola (smallpox), monkeypox, vaccinia (includes buffalopox), and cowpox.

Point to ponder: What are Zoonotic Viral diseases? What are the symptoms and attraction of Monkeypox?

3. “The thought of this signifier of excavation is to marque the archaeological tract of Rakhigarhi accessible to radical by exposing them for structural remains and conserving them for aboriginal viewing on with providing amenities to the visitors.” ~ Additional Director General ASI.

Relevance: Preliminary Examination- History of India

Mains Examination- GS I- Art And Culture

Rakhigarhi is an archaeological tract belonging to the mature signifier of the Indus Valley Civilisation, dating to 2600-1900 BCE. It was among the largest settlements of the past civilization. The tract is located successful the Ghaggar-Hakra River plain. It is successful Haryana’s Hisar district. Rakhigarhi is among the 5 iconic sites announced by Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman during her Budget Speech successful February 2020.

The latest circular of excavations revealed the operation of immoderate houses, lanes and drainage systems, and a jewelry-making unit. Pieces of copper, golden jewelry, terracotta toys, earthen pots, and seals were besides found.

Point to ponder: What are the different 4 iconic sites?

4.”89% of children betwixt 6-23 months don’t get capable diet.” ~ NFHS

Relevance: Preliminary Examination- Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

Mains Examination- GS II- Issues relating to improvement and absorption of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, and Human Resources. Issues relating to poorness and hunger.

Recently, the National Report of the 2nd signifier of the 5th circular of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) was released. It is simply a large-scale, multi-round survey conducted successful a typical illustration of households passim India.

It comprises elaborate accusation connected cardinal domains of population, health, and household payment and associated domains similar characteristics of the population; fertility; household planning; babe and kid mortality; maternal and kid health; nutrition and anemia morbidity and healthcare; women’s empowerment, etc.

Note: Deficiency successful the fare successful a child’s formative years has a nonstop bearing connected malnutrition, with India having the highest malnutrition load successful the world. Poverty, deficiency of entree to nutrition, deficiency of consciousness and debased education, etc. tin beryllium the reasons for a deficient diet.

Point to ponder: What are the cardinal highlights of the NFHS-5 report?

5. ” It’s clip to nudge states towards implementing measures for constabulary betterment directed by the Supreme Court successful its landmark Prakash Singh Verdict.” ~ Bibek Debroy ( Chairman, Economic Advisory Council to the PM)

Relevance: Mains- GSII- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and organization and different measures. Role of civilian services successful a democracy.

Political interference successful constabulary postings continues contempt the landmark Prakash Singh judgement astir a decade-and-a-half ago. The latest occurrence of allegations of lobbying by respective IPS officers successful Maharashtra has brought the contented to the limelight.

Prakash Singh served arsenic DGP of UP Police and Assam Police, too different postings. He filed a PIL successful the Supreme Court, successful 1996, seeking constabulary reforms. In a landmark judgment, the Supreme Court successful September 2006 had directed each states and UTs to bring successful constabulary reforms. The ruling issued a bid of measures that were to beryllium undertaken by the governments. These measures were aimed astatine ensuring that the constabulary could bash their enactment without immoderate governmental interference.

Points to ponder: What were the main measures suggested by the Prakash Singh judgment?

6. “Will widen INSACOG web to neighboring countries” ~ PM astatine Global Covid Summit

Relevance: Preliminary- Current events of nationalist and planetary importance

Mains- International Relations

INSACOG stands for “Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genetics Consortium” oregon “Indian SARS-CoV-2 Consortium connected Genomics”. This forum was acceptable up connected December 30, 2020, nether the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It was acceptable up to survey and show genome sequencing and microorganism saltation of covid-19 strains successful India.

Points to ponder: What were the takeaways of PM’s code astatine the planetary Covid summit?